Dry eye syndrome is a very common condition caused by either an insufficient amount of tears, or poor quality of tears. There are some medications that can cause dry eye, such as antihistamines, certain antidepressants, and some blood pressure medications. Environmental factors such as poor air quality, or tasks that require less blinking such as driving or reading can cause dry eye syndrome.
There are several effective treatments for dry eye available at our offices. Mild dry eye symptoms can be treated with eye drops that you can find at your pharmacy. If your symptoms are more persistent, your treatment options depend on what is causing your dry eye.
Common symptoms of dry eye:
Some symptoms may suggest an autoimmune disorder, such as rheumatoid arthritis, so it is important for you to see an eye doctor if you have serious symptoms. Remember, dry eye is very common and our doctors at Premier Eye Clinic are well versed in the treatment of this condition.
Common medications used to treat dry eyes:
Other treatments include:
It is important to remember there is currently no outright cure for dry eye, but the treatments are effective in managing symptoms and making dry eye syndrome more comfortable to live with. Premier Eye Clinic encourages you to come in for an eye exam if you are experiencing any dry eye symptoms.
Many people suffer for years from the discomfort and pain of Dry Eye Disease Most try various products to manage their disease, and while many of the Over-The-Counter products can provide relief, it is just temporary symptom relief.
Meibomian Gland Dysfunction (MGD) is a leading cause of Dry Eye Disease.1 Dry Eye Disease is rarely due to a lack of the watery part of your tears. 86% of dry eye patients have MGD.2
Meibomian Gland Dysfunction is a progressive disease of the ocular surface. Long term, failure to treat MGD can lead to chronic discomfort and degradation of vision, significantly impacting quality of life.
Healthy Meibomian glands that line your upper and lower eyelids secrete oil with every blink. Your Meibomian glands produce the oily part of the tear film needed to protect the surface of your eye by preventing the evaporation of the watery part of your tears. When this function is not working well, your eyes may feel dry. Keeping the function and structure of your Meibomian glands healthy before you become symptomatic is key, as MGD progresses over time.
MGD is caused by anatomical changes in the Meibomian glands If left untreated, MGD can become progressively worse over time.
Conditions that can contribute to MGD:
For patients with MGD, TearScience® LipiFlow® significantly improves gland secretions and ocular surface symptoms including dry eye and less frequent or blurry vision.
Just 1 treatment increases mean gland secretion 3-fold and reduces more than 50% dry eye symptoms.
Treatment also increased patient comfortable contact lens wear time by approximately 4 hours on average per day.
TearScience® LipiFlow® treatment prior to cataract surgery improves mean dry eye symptoms and vision-related function scores post-surgery.
Content of courtesy of Johnson & Johnson Surgical Vision Inc.
Indications and important safety information for TearScience® LipiFlow® Thermal Pulsation System
Caution: Federal USA law restricts this device to sale by or on the order of a physician.
Indications: The TearScience® LipiFlow® Thermal Pulsation System is intended for the application of localized heat and pressure therapy in adult patients with chronic cystic conditions of the eyelids, including meibomian gland dysfunction (MGD), also known as evaporative dry eye or lipid deficiency dry eye.
Contraindications: Do not use the TearScience® LipiFlow® System in patients with the following conditions. Use of the device in patients with these conditions may cause injury. Safety and effectiveness of the device have not been studied in patients with these conditions. Ocular surgery within prior 3 months, including intraocular, oculo-plastic, corneal or refractive surgery procedure. Ocular injury within prior 3 months. Ocular herpes of eye or eyelid within prior 3 months. Active ocular infection (e.g., viral, bacterial, mycobacterial, protozoan, or fungal infection of the cornea, conjunctiva, lacrimal gland, lacrimal sac, or eyelids including a hordeolum or stye). Active ocular inflammation or history of chronic, recurrent ocular inflammation within prior 3 months (e.g., retinitis, macular inflammation, choroiditis, uveitis, iritis, scleritis, episcleritis, keratitis). Eyelid abnormalities that affect lid function (e.g., entropion, ectropion, tumor, edema, blepharospasm, lagophthalmos, severe trichiasis, severe ptosis). Ocular surface abnormality that may compromise corneal integrity (e.g., prior chemical burn, recurrent corneal erosion, corneal epithelial defect, Grade 3 corneal fluorescein staining, or map dot fingerprint dystrophy).
Precautions: The Activator or Activator II (Disposable) may not fit all eyes, such as eyes with small palpebral fornices. Use of the TearScience® LipiFlow® System in patients with the following conditions may result in reduced treatment effectiveness because these conditions may cause ocular symptoms unrelated to cystic meibomian glands and require other medical management. Safety and effectiveness of the device have not been studied in patients with these conditions. Moderate to severe (Grade 2-4) allergic, vernal or giant papillary conjunctivitis. Severe (Grade 3 or 4) eyelid inflammation (e.g., blepharochalasis, staphylococcal blepharitis or seborrheic blepharitis). Patients with severe eyelid inflammation should be treated medically prior to device use. Systemic disease conditions that cause dry eye (e.g., Stevens-Johnson syndrome, vitamin A deficiency, rheumatoid arthritis, Wegener’s granulomatosis, sarcoidosis, leukemia, Riley-Day syndrome, systemic lupus erythematosus, Sjögren’s syndrome). Taking medications known to cause dryness (e.g., isotretinoin (Accutane®) and systemic antihistamines). Esthetic eyelid and eyelash procedures (e.g., blepharoplasty, lash extensions, eyelid tattooing). In addition, the treatment procedure may loosen previously inserted punctal plugs, which may worsen the patient’s dry eye symptoms.
Adverse Effects: Potential adverse effects that may occur as a result of the procedure include, but are not limited to, the onset or increase in: Eyelid/eye pain requiring discontinuation of the treatment procedure; Eyelid irritation or inflammation (e.g., edema, bruising, blood blister, dermatitis, hordeolum or chalazion); Ocular surface irritation or inflammation (e.g., corneal abrasion, conjunctival edema or conjunctival injection (hyperemia)); and Ocular symptoms (e.g., burning, stinging, tearing, itching, discharge, redness, foreign body sensation, visual disturbance, sensitivity to light). Potential serious adverse events (defined as permanent impairment or damage to a body structure or function or necessitates medical or surgical intervention to preclude permanent impairment or damage to a body structure or function) that are not anticipated because of the device mitigations to prevent occurrence include: Thermal injury to the eyelid or eye, including conjunctiva, cornea or lens; Physical pressure-induced injury to the eyelid; and Ocular surface (corneal) infection.
ATTENTION: Reference the TearScience® LipiFlow® Thermal Pulsation System Instructions for Use for a complete listing of indications, warnings, and precautions.